April 28, 2009

List of Song Dynasty Mints for Iron & Tin Alloy Cash (宋代铁钱监、夹锡钱监一览表)

This is the table of mints found on pages 430~435 in the Liang Song Tie Qian catalog, presented in a list format for the present. It will be restored to tabular format at some point, but in a more concise presentation.

The original Chinese text for each of the 89 mints is followed by an English translation. There are a very few places where I believe there may be a mistake in the Chinese text, mainly regarding the reporting of dates. Two or three instances of dates reported in the Chinese 60-year cycle do not agree with the regnal years of the emperor. These will be noted in the text by showing them in red font.

宋代铁钱监、夹锡钱监一览表
List of Song Dynasty Mints for Iron & Tin Alloy Cash

Headers
图号, 原地区, 监名, 兴废罢复及铸量, 今地名, 路属
Number, Original place name, Issuing agency, When [the mint] opened, closed, reopened, casting quantity, Modern place name

路属1~15 永兴军路
Mints 1~15 belong to the Yongxing Army Circuit (Shaanxi/Shanxi/Henan)

1 永兴军, 京兆府监, 熙宁四年置, 铸铜钱; 熙宁八年始铸铁钱。陕西西安
1 – Yongxing Army, Jingzhao-fu (Capital) Bureau, opened in Xining 4 (1071) to cast copper cash, began casting iron coins in Xining 8 (1075), Xi’an (Shaanxi).

2 延安府, 肤施监, 又称延州监,熙宁八年置。陕西延安
2 – Yan’an-fu, Fushi Bureau, also the foundry of the Yanzhou Bureau, opened in Xining 8 (1075), Yan’an (Shaanxi).

3 鄌州, 鄌州钱监, 熙宁八年二月一日权置,次年废。陕西富县
3 – Tangzhou, Tangzhou Cash Bureau, opened on the 1st day of the 2nd month in Xining 8 (1075), closed the following year, Fuxian County (Shaanxi).

4 坊州, —, 至和重宝背有“坊”字钱。其州后并人鄌州管辖。陕西黄陵
4 – Fangzhou, [unknown], Zhihe Zhongbao with “Fang” on the reverse were cast at this mint, Qizhou was later merged into its jurisdiction, Huangling (Shaanxi).

5 耀州, 耀州钱监, 熙宁八年二月一日权置,元丰三年废。曾隶邻州。陕西耀县
5 – Yaozhou, Yaozhou Cash Bureau, opened on the 1st day of the 2nd month in Xining 8 (1075), closed in Yuanfeng 3 (1080), subordinated to Linzhou, Yaoxian County (Shaanxi).

6 同州, 广济监, 至和重宝背有”同”字钱,元丰六年人月朔置。陕西大荔
6 – Tongzhou, Guangji Bureau, Zhihe Zhongbao with “Tong” on the reverse were cast at this mint, reopened in the 8th month of Yuanfeng 6 (1083), Dali (Shaanxi).

7 同州, 韩城监, 又称龙门监,元丰六年八月置,元佑二年七月二十一日复置。
山西河津

7 – Tongzhou, Hancheng Bureau, also the foundry of the Longmen Bureau, opened in the 8th month of Yuanfeng 6 (1083), reopened on the 21st day of the 7th month of Yuanyou 2 (1087), Hejin (Shanxi).

8 河中府, 河中府钱院, 熙宁年间兼铸折二铁钱,元佑二年七月置。山西永济
8 – Hezhong-fu, Hezhong-fu Cash Office, during Xining (1068-77) both value-2 and iron cash were cast, reopened in the 7th month of Yuanyou 2 (1087), Yongji (Shanxi).

9 华州, 华州钱监, 熙宁四年置,铸铜钱,熙宁八年初铸小铁钱,后铸大铁钱,元丰后仍铸铁钱。陕西华县
9 – Huazhou, Huazhou Cash Bureau, opened in Xining 4 (1071) to cast copper cash, in Xining 8 (1075) began to cast small iron cash, then later large iron cash, continuing to cast iron coins in the Yuanfeng reign, Huaxian County (Shaanxi).

10 商州, 阜民监, 康定元年置铜铁钱监,皇佑二年罢铸,熙宁八年复置,铸铁钱。元丰三年前岁铸额12.5万贯。陕西商州
10 – Shangzhou, Fumin Bureau, opened in Kangding 1 (1040) as a mint for copper and iron cash, but closed in Huangyou 2 (1050), reopened in Xining 8 (1075) to cast iron cash, in Yuanfeng 3 (1080) annual output was 125,000 strings, Shangzhou (Shaanxi).

11 商州, 洛南监, 熙宁八年置。元丰三年前岁铸额12.5万贯。陕西洛南
11 – Shangzhou, Luonan Bureau, opened in Xining 8 (1075), in Yuanfeng 3 (1080) annual output was 125,000 strings, Luonan (Shaanxi).

12 镜州, 在城监, 熙宁八年置。与朱阳监元丰三年岁铸额共12.5万贯。河南灵宝
12 – Jingzhou, Zaicheng Bureau, opened in Xining 8 (1075), combined with the Zhuyang Bureau in Yuanfeng 3 (1080) annual output of both amounted to 125,000 strings, Lingbao (Henan).

13 镜州, 朱阳监, 庆历元年九月置铜钱监,后铸铁钱,其间复铸铜钱,岁铸额见”在城监”栏。河南灵宝
13 – Jingzhou, Zhuyang Bureau, opened in the 9th month of Qingli 1 (1041) to cast copper cash, later cast iron cash, while still casting copper cash, annual output combined with that of the Zaicheng Bureau, Lingbao (Henan).

14 陕州, 陕州监, 熙宁八年铸铁钱,元佑年间复铸铜钱。河南陕县
14 – Shaanzhou, Shaanzhou Bureau, cast iron cash in Xining 8 (1075), resumed casting copper cash during Yuanyou (1086-94), Shaanxian County (Henan).

15 邻州, 邻州监, 又称淳化监,熙宁八年置,元丰三年废。陕西彬县
15 – Linzhou, Linzhou Bureau, also the foundry of the Chunhua Bureau, opened in Xining 8 (1075), closed in Yuanfeng 3 (1080), Binxian County (Shaanxi).

路属16~22 秦凤路
Mints 16~22 belong to the Qinfeng Circuit (Shaanxi/Gansu)

16 仪州, 博济监, 庆历四年置铸铜钱,其间曾铸小铁钱,熙宁五年废仪州,因循废置。元丰六年于黄石河铸冶务复置铜钱,监属渭州(甘肃华亭)。甘肃平凉
16 – Yizhou, Boji Bureau, opened in Qingli 4 (1044) to cast copper cash, at the same time casting small iron cash, in Xining 5 (1072) Yizhou was abandoned as useless, in Yuanfeng 6 (1083) the effort was made to reestablish a foundry for copper cash at Weizhou (Huating, Gansu), Pingliang (Gansu).

17 陇州, 陇州钱监, 元丰年间置,元丰六年废。陕西陇县
17 – Longzhou, Longzhou Cash Bureau, opened during Yuanfeng (1078-1085), closed in Yuanfeng 6 (1083), Longxian County (Shaanxi).

18 秦州, 秦州监, 元丰四年二月置,元丰六年八月废。甘肃天水
18 – Qinzhou, Qinzhou Bureau, opened in the 2nd month of Yuanfeng 4 (1081), closed in Yuanfeng 6 (1083), Tianshui (Gansu).

19 通远军, 威远镇监, 熙宁年间置。元丰二年前与滔山监岁铸额25万贯,
元丰二年二月改铸铜钱。甘肃武山

19 – Tongyuan Army, Weiyuan Garrison Office, opened during Xining (1068-77), combined with the Taoshan Office in Yuanfeng 2 (1079) annual output of both amounted to 250,000 strings, in the 2nd month of Yuanfeng 2 (1079) casting copper cash was resumed, Wushan (Gansu).

20 岷州, 滔山镇监, 熙宁八年九月九日议置监事,九年五月置。铸额见
“威远镇监”栏。元丰元年移岷州(岷县)。甘肃西和

20 – Minzhou, Taoshan Garrison Office, on the 9th day of the 9th month in Xining 8 (1075) it was decided to open a mint [in Minzhou], and it opened in the 5th month of Xining 9 (1076), annual output combined with that of the Weiyuan Garrison Office, in Yuanfeng 1 (1078) the mint was moved out of Minzhou (Minxian County), Xihe (Gansu).

21 熙州, 熙河监, 熙宁八年十一月进当二铁钱样。甘肃临眺
21 – Xizhou, Xihe Bureau, in the 11th month of Xining 8 (1075) value-2 iron coins were cast, Lintiao (Gansu).

22 阶州, —, 大观通宝背有“阶”字铁钱。甘肃武都
22 – Jiezhou, [unknown], Daguan Tongbao iron coins with “Jie” on the reverse were cast at this mint, Wudou (Gansu).

路属 23~31 河东路
Mints 23~31 belong to the Hedong Circuit (Shanxi)

23 晋州(平阳府), 晋州钱监, 天圣年间置,庆历元年铸小钱,二年铸大钱,以助关
中军费。山西临汾

23 – Jingzhou (Pingyang-fu), Jingzhou Cash Bureau, opened during Tiansheng (1023-32), in Qingli 1 (1041) small cash were cast, and in Qingli 2 (1042) large cash, for the use of the Guanzhong Army, Linfen (Shanxi).

24 太原府, 大通监, 太平兴国四年置,咸平四年为永利监,天圣元年改大通监为交城监, 明道二年复旧, 宝元二年以太原监隶府,真宗时铸铁钱。山西太原
24 – Taiyuan-fu, Datong Bureau, opened in Taiping Xingguo 4 (979), in Xianping 4 (1001) renamed the Yongli Bureau, in Tiansheng 1 (1023) renamed the Jiaocheng Bureau, in Mingdao 2 (1033) the rename was undone, in Baoyuan 2 (1039) the Datong Bureau was subordinated to [Taiyuan]-fu, [emperor] Zhenzong cast iron cash at this mint, Taiyuan (Shanxi).

25 泽州, 阳城冶, 天圣年间置,庆历时铸大铁钱。山西晋城
25 – Zezhou, Yangcheng Smelter, opened during Tiansheng (1023-32), in Qingli (1041-48) large iron coins were cast at this mint, Jincheng (Shanxi).

26 石州, 石州钱监, 咸平四年置,庆历时铸小铁钱。山西离石
26 – Shizhou, Shizhou Cash Bureau, opened in Xianping 4 (1001), in Qingli (1041-48) small iron coins were cast at this mint, Lishi (Shanxi).

27 威胜军, 威胜军监, 庆历时铸小铁钱留河东。山西沁县
27 – Weisheng Army, Weishang Army Bureau, in Qingli (1041-48) small iron coins were cast this mint to be held in reserve in Hedong, Qinxian County (Shanxi).

28 汾州, 永利西监, 元符、圣宋小平铁钱背有“汾”字钱。山西汾阳
28 – Fenzhou, West Yongli Bureau, in Yuanfu (1098-1100) and Shengsong (1101) small iron cash with “Fen” on the reverse were cast, Fenyang (Shanxi).

29 隆德府, 隆德府监, 元符、圣宋、绍圣小平铁钱背有“上”字钱。山西长治
29 – Longde-fu, Longde-fu Bureau, in Shaosheng (1094-98), Yuanfu (1098-1100), and Shengsong (1101) small iron cash with “Shang” on the reverse were cast, Zhangzhi (Shanxi).

30 太原府, 永利监, —, 山西太原
30 – Taiyuan-fu, Yongli Bureau, [see number 24], Taiyuan (Shanxi).

31 绦州, 垣曲监, —, 山西垣曲
31 – Taozhou, Yuanqu Bureau, [no details available], Yuanqu (Shanxi).

路属 32~34 利州路
Mints 32~34 belong to the Lizhou Circuit (Southwestern Shaanxi/Northern Sichuan)

32 兴元府, 济远监, 庆历年间置,六年五月复置。陕西勉县
32 – Xingyuan-fu, Jiyuan Bureau, opened during Qingli (1041-48), in the 5th month of Qingli 6 (1046) casting was resumed, Mianxian County (Shaanxi).

33 兴州(沔州), 济众监, 景德三年置,真宗时岁铸额4.1万贯,天圣三年5.3万贯,皇佑中嘉、邛、兴三州铸大铁钱27万贯,嘉佑后3万贯,元丰元年后增至7.2万贯,建炎二年罢。陕西略阳
33 – Xingzhou (Mianzhou), Jizhong Bureau, opened in Jingde 3 (1006), [emperor] Zhenzong cast annually 41,000 strings, in Tiansheng 3 (1025) 53,000 strings were cast, in Huangyou (1049-54) between the three mint cities, Jiazhou, Qiongzhou and Xingzhou, 270,000 strings of large iron cash were cast, and later, in Jiayou (1056-63) another 30,000 more strings were cast, in Yuanfeng 1 (1078) this was increased to 72,000 strings, in Jianyan 2 (1128) the mint closed, Lueyang County (Shaanxi).

34 利州, 绍兴监, 景德二年置,绍兴十五年七月复置,称绍兴监,岁铸额10万贯,绍兴三十一年6万贯,二十二年并铸折二钱,后铸折三钱,淳熙十五年3.45万贯,嘉定元年铸当五大钱,三年,与邛州惠氏监岁铸额30万贯,绍熙十五年岁铸额10万贯,以救钱引,南宋铁钱背有“利”字。四川广元
34 – Lizhou, Shaoxing Bureau, opened in Jingde 2 (1005), reopened in the 7th month of Shaoxing 15 (1145) as Shaoxing Foundry Bureau, annual output 100,000 strings cast, by Shaoxing 31 (1161) 60,000 string were cast, in [Shaoxing] 22 (1152) value-2 cash were also cast, and later value-3 also, in Chunxi 15 (1188) 34,500 strings were cast, in Jiading 1 (1208) large cash value-5 were cast, in [Jiading] 3 (1210) with the Huishi Bureau in Qiongzhou 300,000 strings were cast, in Shaoxi 5 (1194) 100,000 strings were cast to relieve the shortage of cash, Southern Song iron cash with “Li” on the reverse are from this mint, Guangyuan (Sichuan).
Comment: Liang Song Tie Qian has Shaoxi 15, but the Shaoxi reign had only five years (1190-94). I have tentatively corrected this to Shaoxi 5.

路属 35~39 成都府路
Mints 35~39 belong to the Chengdu-fu Circuit (Central Sichuan)

35 成都府, 益都旧监, 前朝旧监,宋初铸铁钱,大中祥符七年二月复置,铸
大铁钱; 九年废,建炎三年复置。四川成都

35 – Chengdu-fu, Old Yidou Bureau, old mint of an earlier dynasty, Song dynasty began to cast iron cash at this mint, reopened in the 2nd month of Dazhong Xiangfu 7 (1014) to cast large iron cash, closed in Xiangfu 9 (1016), reopened in Jianyan 3 (1129), Chengdu (Sichuan).

36 雅州, 百丈县监, 开宝三年十二月始今,四年正月铸钱,岁铸额9千余贯,大中祥符九年废,元丰三年复置,岁铸额3万贯,嘉定三年设监雅州。四川雅安
36 – Yazhou, Baizhang County Office, opened in the 12th month of Kaibao 3 (970), started casting cash in the 1st month of Kaibao 4 (971), annual output more than 9,000 strings, closed in Dazhong Xiangfu 9 (1016), reopened in Yuanfeng 3 (1080), annual output 30,000 strings, in Jiading 3 (1210) became Yazhou Bureau, Ya’an (Sichuan).

37 嘉州(嘉定府), 丰远监, 景德二年二月铸铁钱,嘉佑四年起停铸十年,熙宁二年复铸,元半年间岁额20.5千贯,建炎三年与邛州相继罢铸,绍兴二十三年复铸,南宋铁钱背有“定”字。四川乐山
37 – Jiazhou (Jiading-fu), Fengyuan Bureau, in the 2nd month of Jingde 2 (1005) iron cash were cast, the mint was idle from Jiayou 4 (1059) for ten years, reopened in Xining 2 (1069), during Yuanfeng (1078-85) annual output was 20,500 strings, in Jianyan 3 (1129) stopped casting cash along with the Qiongzhou mint, reopened in Shaoxing 23 (1153), Southern Song iron cash with “Ding” on the reverse were cast at this mint, Leshan (Sichuan).

38 邛州, 惠民监, 咸平四年铸铁钱,景德二年二月铸大钱,岁铸额7.3万贯,嘉佑四年起停铸十年,熙宁二年复铸,元丰岁铸额7.3万贯,建炎二年六月罢,绍兴三十一年复,岁铸额3万贯,嘉定七年废,后又复,南宋铁钱背有“邛”、“惠”、“正”字。四川蒲江
38 – Qiongzhou, Huimin Bureau, in Xianping 4 (1001) iron cash were cast, in the 2nd month of Jingde 2 (1005) large iron cash were cast, annual output was 73,000 strings, the mint was idle from Jiayou 4 (1059) for ten years, reopened in Xining 2 (1069), in Yuanfeng reign (1078-85) annual output was 73,000 strings, closed in the 6th month of Jianyan 2 (1128), reopened in Shaoxing 31 (1161) with an annual output of 30,000 strings, closed in Jiading 7 (1214) but reopened again later, Southern Song iron cash with “Qiong”, “Hui” and “Zheng” on the reverse were cast at this mint, Pujiang (Sichuan).

39 眉州, 眉州钱监, 景德二年前与邛、嘉、益等州岁铸额五十余万贯。四川眉山
39 – Meizhou, Meizhou Cash Bureau, in Jingde 2 (1005) combined output with the mints of Qiongzhou, Jiazhou and Yizhou was more than 500,000 strings, Meishan (Sichuan).

路属 40~41 样州路
Mints 40~41 belong to the Yangzhou Circuit (Chongqing/Sichuan)

40 合州, 铁钱监, 庆历五年复置,销旧小钱以铸减重大钱; 天圣五年置监铸铁钱。重庆合川
40 – Hezhou, Iron Currency Bureau, reopened in Qingli 5 (1045) to melt old small cash and cast them into large heavy cash, originally opened in Tiansheng 5 (1027) for the production of iron cash, Hechuan (Chongqing).

41 广安军, 广安监, 庆历年间铸大铁钱。四川广安
41 – Guang’an Army, Guang’an Bureau, during Qingli (1041-48) cast large iron cash, Guang’an (Sichuan).

路属 42~45 菱州路
Mints 42~45 belong to the Lingzhou Circuit (Chongqing/Hubei)

42 施州, 广积监, 绍圣三年十二月罢,岁铸额万缗,绍兴初七千余缗。湖北清江
42 – Shizhou, Guangji Bureau, closed in the 12th month of Shaosheng 3 (1096), annual output was 10,000 strings, in the beginning of Shaoxing (1131-62) output was more than 7,000 strings, Qingjiang (Hubei).

43 万州, 广济监, 熙宁年间置,后罢,元丰六年五月复置,宣和六年七月罢。重庆万县
43 – Wanzhou, Guangji Bureau, opened during Xining (1068-77), later closed, reopened in the 5th month of Yuanfeng 6 (1083), closed again in the 7th month of Xuanhe 6 (1124), Wanxian County (Chongqing).

44 大宁监, 大宁监,淳化年间铸淳化元宝大铁钱。重庆巫溪
44 – Daning Bureau, Daning Bureau, during Chunhua (990-994) cast Chunhua Yuanbao large iron cash, Wuxi (Chongqing).

45 南平军, 广惠监, 熙宁八年岁额4万贯,元丰三年增至6万贯,绍圣年间减至5千贯; 绍兴初仅千缗,绍兴十九年废。重庆江津
45 – Nanping Army, Guanghui Bureau, in Xining 8 (1075) 40,000 strings were cast, by Yuanfeng 3 (1080) this had increased to 60,000 strings, but during Shaosheng (1094-98) this had fallen to 5,000 strings, and by the start of Shaoxing (1131-62) only 1,000 strings were cast, closed in Shaoxing 19 (1149), Jiangjin (Chongqing).

路属 46~51 淮南西路
Mints 46~51 belong to the Huainanxi Circuit (Southern Anhui/Henan/Hubei)

46 黄州, 齐安监, 道六年四月癸酉复置,淳熙六年前废,南宋铁钱背有“安”字。湖北黄冈
46 – Huangzhou, Qi’an Bureau, reopened in the 4th month of Qiandao 6 (1170), which was a Gui-You year (1153-54 or 1213-14), closed again in Chunxi 6 (1179), Southern Song iron cash with “An” on the reverse were cast at this mint, Huanggang (Hubei).
Comment: Jiading 6 (1213) is the closest to a Gui-You year. I am undecided as to what to do in this case, as there is a disagreement between the two dating systems in the text.

47 蕲州, 蕲春监, 熙宁六年置,乾道六年六月复置; 淳熙二年废,五年复置,嘉泰三年七月废,开禧元年六月复,南宋铁钱背有“春”字。湖北蕲春
47 – Qizhou, Qichun Bureau, opened in Xining 6 (1073), reopened in the 6th month of Qiandao 6 (1170), closed in Chunxi 2 (1175), but reopened in Chunxi 5 (1178), closed again in the 7th month of Jiatai 3 (1203), reopened in the 6th month of Kaixi 1 (1205), Southern Song iron cash with “Chun” on the reverse were cast at this mint, Qichun (Hubei).

48 舒州, 同安监, 熙宁六年置,铸铜钱,崇宁二年铸铁钱丶政和二年铸夹锡钱,乾道六年二月复置,铸铁钱,淳熙二年废,五年复置,嘉泰三年七月废,开禧元年复,嘉定七年十二月废,南宋铁钱背有“舒”、”同”字。安徽潜山
48 – Shuzhou, Tong’an Bureau, opened in Xining 6 (1073) and cast copper cash, in Chongning 2 (1103) cast iron cash, in Zhenghe 2 (1112) cast tin alloy cash, reopened in the 2nd month of Qiandao 6 (1170) and cast iron cash, closed in Chunxi 2 (1175), but reopened in Chunxi 5 (1178), closed again in the 7th month of Jiatai 3 (1203), reopened in Kaixi 1 (1205), closed again in the 2nd month of Jiading 7 (1214), Southern Song iron cash with “Shu” and “Tong” on the reverse were cast at this mint, Qianshan (Anhui).

49 舒州, 宿松监, 见“同安监”栏,淳熙十年并人同安监; 南宋铁钱背有“松”、“舒松”字。安徽宿松
49 – Shuzhou, Susong Bureau, see Tong’an Bureau [for details], in Chunxi 10 (1183) was merged with the Tong’an Bureau, Southern Song iron cash with “Song” and “Shu Song” on the reverse were cast at this mint, Susong (Anhui).

50 光州, 定城监, 淳熙十一年后复,绍熙三年六月废; 南宋铁钱背有“光”、“定”字。河南潢川 50 – Guangzhou, Dingcheng Bureau, reopened after Chunxi 11 (1184), closed in the 6th month of Shaoxi 3 (1192), Southern Song iron cash with “Guang” and “Ding” on the reverse were cast at this mint, Huangchuan (Henan).

51 和州, 和州钱监, 乾道四年置。安徽和县
51 – Hezhou, Hezhou Cash Bureau, opened in Qiandao 4 (1168), Hexian County (Anhui).

路属 52 淮南东路
Mint 52 belongs to the Huainandong Circuit (Northern Jiangsu)

52 真州, 真州钱监, 大观元年复置,铸夹锡钱; 嘉定三年为金所占。江苏仪征
52 – Zhenzhou, Zhenzhou Cash Bureau, reopened in Daguan 1 (1107), cast tin alloy cash, in Jiading 3 (1210) became a metalworking foundry, Yizheng (Jiangsu).

路属 53~54 荆湖北路
Mints 53-54 belong to the Jinghubei Circuit (Hubei)

53 汉阳军, 汉阳监, 绍熙三年复置,嘉泰二年曾废,开禧元年六月复,岁铸额20万贯,南宋铁钱背有“汉”字。湖北汉阳
53 – Hanyang Army, Hanyang Bureau, reopened in Shaoxi 3 (1192), closed in Jiatai 2 (1202), opened in the 6th month of Kaixi 1 (1205), annual output of 200,000 strings, Southern Song iron cash with “Han” on the reverse were cast at this mint, Hanyang (Hubei).

54 鄂州, 宝泉监, 太平兴国二年置,熙宁七年复置,铸铜饯,崇宁元年废,其时曾仿陕西式铸夹锡钱,南宋复铸铜钱,背有”泉”字。湖北武昌
54 – Ezhou, Baoquan Bureau, opened in Taiping Xingguo 2 (977), reopened in Xining 7 (1074), cast copper cash, closed in Chongning 1 (1102), cast tin alloy cash like those cast in Shaanxi, Southern Song cast copper cash, those with “Quan” on the reverse were cast at this mint, Wuchang (Hubei).

路属 55~56 荆湖南路
Mints 55-56 belong to the Jinghunan Circuit (Hunan/Guangxi)

55 衡州, 熙宁监, 为铜钱监,徽宗时仿陕西式铸折二铁钱,崇宁二年铸铁钱; 政和二年铸夹锡钱。湖南衡阳
55 – Hengzhou, Xining Bureau, served as a mint for casting copper cash, [emperor] Huizong used it to cast value-2 iron cash in the Shaanxi style, in Chongning 2 (1103) iron cash were cast, in Zhenghe 2 (1112) tin alloy cash were cast, Hengyang (Hunan).

56 全州, 全州钱监, 元佑七年铸折二铁钱。广西灌阳
56 – Quanzhou, Quanzhou Cash Bureau, in Yuanyou 7 (1092) value-2 iron cash were cast, Guanyang (Guangxi).

路属 57~59 江南东路
Mints 57-59 belong to the Jiangnandong Circuit (Eastern Jiangxi/Southern Anhui)

57 池州, 永丰监, 至道二年十月已未置,康定、庆历年间铸铁钱; 绍兴初并人永平监。安徽贵池
57 – Chizhou, Yongfeng Bureau, opened in the 10th month of Zhidao 2 (996) which was a Yi-Wei year (995-96), during Kangding (1040-41) and Qingli (1041-48) iron cash were cast, at the beginning of Shaoxing (1131-62) it was merged with the Yongping Bureau, Guichi (Anhui).

58 饶州, 永平监, 前朝旧监,太平兴国二年复置,铸铜钱,余见”永丰监”栏,绍兴二十七年七月复。江西波阳
58 – Raozhou, Yongping Bureau, mint of a previous dynasty, reopened in Taiping Xingguo 2 (977), cast copper cash, see also the Yongfeng Bureau, reopened in the 7th month of Shaoxing 27 (1157), Boyang (Jiangxi).

59 江州, 广宁监, 咸平二年五月置,余见”永丰监”栏,绍兴初并人虔州。乾道六年十二月复置,铸铁钱,属江南西路。南宋铁钱背有“广”字。江西九江
59 – Jiangzhou, Guangning Bureau, opened in the 5th month of Xianping 2 (999), see also the Yongfeng Bureau, at the beginning of Shaoxing (1131-62) it was merged with Qianzhou, reopened in the 12th month of Qiandao 6 (1170), cast iron cash, transferred to the Jiangnanxi Circuit, Southern Song iron cash with “Guang” on the reverse were cast at this mint, Jiujiang (Jiangxi).

路属 60~65 江南西路
Mints 60-65 belong to the Jiangnanxi Circuit (Western Jiangxi/Hubei)

60 虔州(赣州), 虔州钱监, 绍兴初广宁监并人,乾道六年复监,绍兴二十二年改赣州。江西赣州
60 – Qianzhou (Ganzhou), Qianzhou Cash Bureau, at the beginning of Shaoxing (1131-62) it was merged with Guangning, reopened in Qiandao 6 (1170), renamed Ganzhou in Shaoxing 22 (1152), Ganzhou (Jiangxi).

61 抚州, 裕国监, 乾道六年十二月甲子置,岁铸额5万贯,淳熙六年废,南宋铁钱背有“裕”字。江西临江
61 – Fuzhou, Yuguo Bureau, opened in the 12th month of Qiandao 6 (1170) which was a Jia-Zi year (1144-45 or 1204-05), annual output was 50,000 strings, closed in Chunxi 6 (1179), Southern Song iron cash with “Yu” on the reverse were cast at this mint, Linjiang (Jiangxi).
Comment: This is another case of conflicting dates. No decision yet on how to handle this.

62 抚州, 裕丰监, 同上栏。江西抚州
62 – Fuzhou, Yufeng Bureau, see the description of the previous mint, Fuzhou (Jiangxi).

63 临江军, 丰余监, 同上栏,南宋铁钱背有”丰”字。江西临江镇
63 – Linjiang Army, Fengyu Bureau, see the description of the previous mint, Southern Song iron cash with “Feng” on the reverse were cast at this mint, Linjiangzhen (Jiangxi).

64 兴国军, 富民监, 又称大冶监,大宝监,置时同上,乾道、淳熙时铸铁钱, 嘉定五年并人汉阳监, 绍熙三年, 磁湖铁务设于此。南宋铁钱背有”冶”字。湖北大冶
64 – Xingguo Army, Fumin Bureau, also the foundry of the Daye and the Dabao Bureaus, opened at the same time as the previous mint, cast iron cash during Qiandao (1165-73) and Chunxi (1174-89), in Jiading 5 (1212) was merged with the Hanyang Bureau, in Shaoxi 3 (1192) magnetic iron was developed, Southern Song iron cash with “Ye” on the reverse were cast at this mint, Daye (Hubei).

65 南安军, 铁钱监, 乾道八年复监。江西大余
65 – Nan’an Army, Iron Currency Bureau, reopened in Qiandao 8 (1172), Dayu (Jiangxi).

路属 66 京畿路
Mint 66 belongs to the Jingji Circuit (Henan)

66 开封府, 京畿监, 犬观元年置,铸夹锡钱。河南开封
66 – Kaifeng-fu, Jingji Bureau, opened in Daguan 1 (1107), cast tin alloy cash, Kaifeng (Henan).

路属 67 京西北路
Mint 67 belongs to the Jingxibei Circuit (Hebei/Henan)

67 汝州, 鲁山监, 崇宁四年闰二月,并陕西、两河、京西十八监铸夹锡饯; 大观四年二月罢。河南鲁山
67 – Ruzhou, Lushan Bureau, in the 2nd intercalary month of Chongning 4 (1105), throughout Shaanxi, Henan and Hubei, and Jingji there were 18 mints casting tin alloy cash, in the 2nd month of Daguan 4 (1110) all were closed, opened in Daguan 1 (1107), cast tin alloy cash, Lushan (Henan).

路属 68~70 京东西路
Mints 68-70 belong to the Jingdongxi Circuit (Western Shandong/Jiangsu)

68 徐州, 宝丰下监, 元丰七年五月,铸折二铁钱输陕,元丰八年五月罢,
九月庚戌废。江苏铜山
68 – Xuzhou, Baofengxia Bureau, in the 5th month of Yuanfeng 7 (1084) value-2 iron cash were cast for export to Shaanxi, in the 5th month of Yuanfeng 8 (1085) the mint stopped working, and in the 9th month of the Geng-Xu year (1130) it was abandoned, Tongshan (Jiangsu).
Comment: Cyclical year falls outside of the Yuanfeng era, and so does not make sense.

69 徐州, 利国监, 太平兴国四年置,主铁冶,元丰时,莱芜、利国二冶官自铸铁钱,岁得10万贯。江苏利国
69 – Xuzhou, Liguo Bureau, opened in Taiping Xingguo 4 (979) as an iron smelter, during Yuanfeng (1078-85) the two mints of the Laiwu and Liguo Bureaus cast iron cash, annual output was 100,000 strings, Liguo (Jiangsu).

70 袭庆府, 莱芜监, 见上栏。山东莱芜
70 – Xiqing-fu, Laiwu Bureau, see the description of the previous mint, Laiwu (Shandong).

路属 71~72 福建路
Mints 71-72 belong to the Fujian Circuit (Fujian)

71 建州, 丰国监, 太平兴国八年三月铸大铁钱,计10万贯; 咸平二年五月复置,铸铜钱,绍兴元年十月置,二年废,四年复置,淳熙二年罢。福建建欧
71 – Jianzhou, Fengguo Bureau, in the 3rd month of Taiping Xingguo 8 (983) large iron cash were cast, in the amount of 100,000 strings, reopened in the 5th month of Xianping 2 (999), copper cash were cast, opened again in the 10th month of Shaoxing 1 (1131), closed in Shaoxing 2 (1132), reopened in Shaoxing 4 (1134), finally closed again in Chunxi 2 (1175), Jian’ou (Fujian).

72 泉州, 铁钱务, 天圣年间铸大铁钱; 庆历五年铸铁钱。福建泉州
72 – Quanzhou, Iron Currency Concern, during Tiansheng (1023-32) large iron cash were cast, in Qingli 5 (1045) iron cash were cast, Quanzhou (Fujian).

路属 73 两浙路
Mint 73 belongs to the Liangzhe Circuit (Zhejiang/Southern Jiangsu)

73 睦州(严州), 神泉监, 熙宁七年置,为铜钱监,崇宁二年铸铁钱,绍兴三十一年废,庆元二年八月复。浙江建德
73 – Muzhou (Yanzhou), Shenquan Bureau, opened in Xining 7 (1074), as a copper cash mint, in Chongning 2 (1103) iron cash were cast, closed in Shaoxing 31 (1161), reopened in the 8th month of Qingyuan 2 (1196), Jiande (Zhejiang).

路属 74~80 广南东路
Mints 74-80 belong to the Guangnandong Circuit (Guangdong)

74 广州, 广州钱监, 政和二年铸夹锡钱。广东广州
74 – Guangzhou, Guangzhou Cash Bureau, in Zhenghe 2 (1112) tin alloy cash were cast, Guangzhou (Guangdong).

75 惠州, 阜民监, 治平四年置,铸铜钱,余见“广州钱监”栏。广东惠州
75 – Huizhou, Fumin Bureau, opened in Zhiping 4 (1067), copper cash were cast, see also details of the Guangzhou mint, Huizhou (Guangdong).

76 康州, 康州钱监, 见“广州钱监”栏。广东德庆
76 – Kangzhou, Kangzhou Cash Bureau, see details of the Guangzhou mint, Deqing (Guangdong).

77 英州, 铸钱院, 大观三年七月铸夹锡钱。广东英德
77 – Yingzhou, Cash Office, in the 7th month of Daguan 3 (1109) tin alloy cash were cast, Yingde (Guangdong).

78 梅州, 铸钱院, 蔡京为相时铸夹锡钱。广东梅县
78 – Meizhou, Cash Office, as with the other mints tin alloy cash were cast, Meixian County (Guangdong).

79 潮州, 铸钱院, 见“梅州铸钱院”栏。广东潮安
79 – Chaozhou, Cash Office, see details of the Meizhou Cash Office, Chao’an (Guangdong).

80 韶州, 永通监, 庆历八年置监,绍兴二十七年七月复置; 淳熙十二年废。广东韶关
80 – Shaozhou, Yongtong Bureau, opened in Qingli 8 (1048), reopened in the 7th month of Shaoxing 27 (1157), closed in Chunxi 12 (1185), Shaoguan (Guangdong).

路属 81~89 广南西路
Mints 81-89 belong to the Guangnanxi Circuit (Guangxi)

81 连州, 铸钱院, 见“英州铸钱院”栏。广西连县
81 – Lianzhou, Cash Office, see details of the Yingzhou Cash Office, Lianxian (Guangxi).

82 浔州, 浔州钱监, 元丰年间置,依陕西料铸当二钱,元佑八年五月罢,
崇宁三年置铁钱监,铸当二钱。广西桂平

82 – Xunzhou, Xunzhou Cash Bureau, opened during Yuanfeng (1078-85), cast value-2 cash in the Shaanxi style, closed in the 5th month of Yuanyou 8 (1093), opened in Chongning 3 (1104) as an iron cash mint, cast value-2 cash, Guiping (Guangxi).

83 贺州, 贺州钱监, 见“广州钱监”栏。广西贺县
83 – Hezhou, Hezhou Cash Bureau, see details of the Guangzhou Cash Bureau, Hexian County (Guangxi).

84 捂州, 元丰监, 熙宁七年置,每岁额18万缗,停铸于绍兴六年。广西梧州
84 – Wuzhou, Yuanfeng Cash Bureau, opened in Xining 7 (1074), annual output 180,000 strings, stopped casting in Shaoxing 6 (1136), Wuzhou (Guangxi).

85 邕州, 通宝监, 元佑七年铸折二铁钱,政和六年四月重置。广西南宁
85 – Yongzhou, Tongbao Bureau, in Yuanyou 7 (1092) value-2 iron cash were cast, reopened in the 4th month of Zhenghe 6 (1116), Nanning (Guangxi).

86 融州, 宝新监, 见上栏。广西融水
86 – Rongzhou, Baoxin Bureau, see details of the previous mint, Rongshui (Guangxi).

87 柳州, 柳州钱监, 元佑七年铸折二铁钱。广西柳州
87 – Liuzhou, Liuzhou Cash Bureau, in Yuanyou 7 (1092) value-2 iron cash were cast, Liuzhou (Guangxi).

88 廉州, 廉州钱监, 见上栏。广西台浦
88 – Lianzhou, Lianzhou Cash Bureau, see details of the previous mint, Taipu (Guangxi).

89 郁林州, 郁林钱监, 见上栏。广西玉林
89 – Yulinzhou, Yulin Cash Bureau, see details of the previous mint, Yulin (Guangxi).

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